Earlier, there were only two groups of Brahmins. One; who lives in villages/ cities and performing the Priest/ Purohit’s work. Other Brahmins were living outside the city limits in forest and traditionally following the Ashramite/Hermit life i.e. the life of austerity. The origin of Sanadhya; in Sanskrit it is Sanen Tapsah Adhya, means those who possess opulence/sacrifice and ahead in austerities with Tapasya. It is believed that, that in Treta Yug, Lord Ram had helped in establishing 750 Ashrams along the Ganga-Yamuna region and promised them a safe living.
Sanadhya Brahmins are originally from North India, but settled mostly around Delhi, Western Uttar Pradsh, Rajasthan, Bundelkhand, Madhya Bharat, Narmada Region and Chattisgarh. Migration from North started due to frequent mughal’s attacks on Afgan-Kashmir border. After defeat of Marathas in 3rd battle of Panipat, Brahmins were compelled to migrate towards east. This migration, in gradual stages, have resulted in birth of various groups, who opted for fresh name after settlement. Those who settled around Kannauj region called Kanyakubj, Saryuparin around Saryu river, Maithil around Mithila region. Jijhotiya appears to be a group of settlers, who kept fighting for existence and final settlement. Migrating families disintegrated due to division of lands/property. Apparently, those who did not get sufficient parental property, got unhappy and migrated further towards central province. Aligarh, Agra, Mathura , Gwalior regions saw maximum settlement. Few groups migrated towards Rajasthan, and few towards Madhya bharat and Bundelkhand i.e. Jhansi, Saugor region.
At that time, notorious gangs of Pindaris and Thugs were ruling the Narmada region. One British Colonel Sleeman, had eliminated them by year 1920 . This encouraged migrated families to move further and settle down finally arround Narmada Valley from Mandala towards Jabalpur, Narsingpur, Hoshangabad , to down Harda, Khandwa of Nimar and Indore area of Malwa. Few, who settled around down-stream of Narmada, started calling themselves Naramdeeya Brahmin. Few families from Mandla – Narsinghpur regions have migrated towards down Chindwara , Nagpur and Ahmednagar areas of Maharastra also.
In this migration, Sanadhyas kept their cultural purity unchanged. One of the reasons of continuous migration down was obviously family partition. Those who got lion shares, stayed and lesser ones have moved away. By the end of 1930 the migration finally completed except individual cases where professional compulsions ( Service, business etc) made them further migration to new regions.
Madhya Pradesh‘s Narmada belt is having maximum numbers Sanadhyas, because they are the final settlers. With their ability and hard work along with their thought of purity, had saved them untouched from the disadvantages of long migration.